The Tropenmusuem, founded in 1984 as Colonial Museum, is a Dutch ethnological museum on the Linnaeusstraat in Amsterdam. It has a large collection of ethnographic artifacts from tropical and subtropical areas, mainly from the former Dutch overseas territories. Until 2014, it was part of the Royal Tropical Institute, also known as the Tropical Institute, which was shortened to KIT.
Opening ceremony of the colonial Institute in the light hall of the current Tropenmuseum in the presence of Queen Wilhelmina in 1926.
The building in which the Royal Tropical Institute and the museum are located is built on the grounds of the former Ooster cemetery. It is a design by the architect J.J. van Nieukerken (1854 – 1913) and was completed in 1026 by M.A. from Nieukerken. In 2003 it is designated as a national monument.
The Tropenmuseum contains both traditional and modern (art) objects, sound clips and video images and gives a picture of both the living traditions and the history of different world cultures. At the core of the Tropenmuseum there’s the combined collections of the 19th-century Colonial Museum in Haarlem and the old collection of the Ethnographic Museum Artis.
The collection that was added from the Tropenmuseum to that of the National Museum of World Cultures consists of 153,000 objects and 210,000 historical photographs, plus another 275,000 photographs that did not make the pre-selection, but are still in the house. Besides paintings, the collection includes a collection of textiles from Indonesia and many objects from New Guinea and Suriname.